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Nats GM on Bryce Harper: In the brick and mortar casinos, the only real way a player can increase his earnings is to increase his limit, likely encountering better opponents in the process. There was then a dance, which I found particularly invigorating and left with sword and reptile. The Warriors have won three titles in the past four seasons, and many of the top contenders in the league are currently focused on building a team that can dethrone them. Now there were some oohs and ahhs when the 4 hit. Before Arisia I was always shy and felt I didn't really belong, but all the wonderful staff gave me a wonderful opportunity to grow and learn. But the tub is made in such a way that it keeps the water warm for a long time.

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We also had the fun of getting more than attendees across the street in the middle of a snowstorm past the crew working on a gas line. I told them I'd send people down if I got any.

A few minutes later, a lone volunteer wandered into Ops. And with that, the volunteer left Ops, still smiling and shaking their head once again. When we get there I and some friends watch Reptilicus , a Danish monster film. It's supposed to make the movie come to life and bring the audience closer to the film.

It hit me in the head. I got to keep it. It made my day. There was then a dance, which I found particularly invigorating and left with sword and reptile.

I was a homesick Californian, adrift in the snows of Boston. I knew no one. I reasoned that, "Fen are fen the world around. I saw folks casually juggling and people in hall costumes. I heard conversations all around me on subjects I found familiar and plans being made on what panel to attend next.

I felt at home. Before Arisia I was always shy and felt I didn't really belong, but all the wonderful staff gave me a wonderful opportunity to grow and learn. I can't thank everyone enough! Arisia hosted the Post-Meridian Radio Players. They put on a gender-swapped stage production of the Star Trek episode "Space Seed". Shook my fist at her and yelled "Khan! We started doing this in the late '90s, and I used to try to ingratiate myself with whoever was running programming to protect it.

Eventually I was told to stop worrying as it had become one of the most popular panels at the con. I love that we've not only dealt with turnover of panelists, but have inspired similar panels on TV, science, and other topics. I'm glad so many people enjoy it as it's become one of the highlights of the con for me.

Arisia was our very first convention; we have been avid convention goers ever since. At Arisia , I was a vendor, and so was my soon-to-be husband, but we had never met. We were introduced and fell in love within the first hour or so. Rake is collected from most real money ring game pots.

The rake is normally calculated as a percentage of the pot based on a sliding scale and capped at some maximum fee. Each online poker room determines its own rake structure. Since the expenses for running an online poker table are smaller than those for running a live poker table, rake in most online poker rooms is much smaller than its brick and mortar counterpart. Second, hands played in pre-scheduled multi-table and impromptu sit-and-go tournaments are not raked, but rather an entry fee around five to ten percent of the tournament buy-in is added to the entry cost of the tournament.

These two are usually specified in the tournament details as, e. Unlike real casino tournaments, online tournaments do not deduct dealer tips and other expenses from the prize pool. Third, some online poker sites also offer side games like blackjack , roulettes , or side bets on poker hands where the player plays against "the house" for real money. Some sites go as far as getting affiliated with online casinos , or even integrating them into the poker room software.

Fourth, like almost all institutions that hold money, online poker sites invest the money that players deposit. Regulations in most jurisdictions exist in an effort to limit the sort of risks sites can take with their clients' money. However, since the sites do not have to pay interest on players' bankrolls even low-risk investments can be a significant source of revenue.

Many critics question whether the operators of such games - especially those located in jurisdictions separate from most of their players - might be engaging in fraud themselves. Internet discussion forums are rife with allegations of non-random card dealing, possibly to favour house-employed players or " bots " poker-playing software disguised as a human opponent , or to give multiple players good hands thus increasing the bets and the rake, or simply to prevent new players from losing so quickly that they become discouraged.

However, despite anecdotal evidence to support such claims, others argue that the rake is sufficiently large that such abuses would be unnecessary and foolish.

Attempts at manipulative dealing could face a risk of third party detection due to increasingly sophisticated tracking software that could be used to detect any number of unusual patterns, though such analyses are not generally available in the public domain.

Many players claim to see lots of "bad beats" with large hands pitted against others all too often at a rate that seems to be a lot more common than in live games. However, this could be caused by the higher hands per hour at on-line cardrooms. Since online players get to see more hands, their likelihood of seeing more improbable bad beats or randomly large pots is similarly increased.

Many online poker sites are certified by major auditing firms like PricewaterhouseCoopers to review the fairness of the random number generator , shuffle , and payouts for some sites. Insider cheating can occur when a person with trusted access to the system e. This could be done without the knowledge of the site managers. Perhaps the first known major case came to light in October , when Absolute Poker acknowledged that its integrity had been breached by an employee, who had been able to play at high stakes while viewing his opponents' hidden "hole" cards.

In , UltimateBet became embroiled in a similar scandal, with former employees accused of using a software backdoor to see opponents' cards. UltimateBet confirmed the allegations on May More mundane cheating involves collusion between players, or the use of multiple accounts by a single player. Collusion is not limited to online play but can occur in any poker game with three or more players.

Most poker rooms claim to actively scan for such activity. For example, in , PokerStars disqualified TheV0id , the winner of the main event of the World Championship of Online Poker for breaching their terms of service. One obvious difference is that players do not sit right across from each other, removing any ability to observe others' reactions and body language.

Since poker is a game that requires adaptability, successful online players learn to master the new frontiers of their surroundings. Another less obvious difference is the rate of play. In brick and mortar casinos the dealer has to collect the cards, shuffle, and deal them after every hand.

Due to this and other delays common in offline casinos, the average rate of play is around thirty hands per hour. However, online casinos do not have these delays. The dealing and shuffling are instantaneous, there are no delays relating to counting chips for a split pot , and on average the play is faster due to "auto-action" buttons where the player selects his action before his turn. It is not uncommon for an online poker table to average ninety to one hundred hands per hour.

There are many ways in which online poker is considerably cheaper to play than conventional poker. While the rake structures of online poker sites might not differ fundamentally from those in brick and mortar operations, most of the other incidental expenses that are entailed by playing poker in a live room do not exist in online poker. An online poker player can play at home and thus incur no transportation costs to get to and from the poker room.

Provided the player already has a somewhat modern computer and an Internet connection, there are no further up-front equipment costs to get started. There are also considerable incidental expenses once on a live poker table. In addition to the rake, tipping the dealers, chip runners, servers and other casino employees is almost universally expected, putting a further drain on a player's profits.

Also, whereas an online player can enter and leave tables almost as he pleases, once seated at a live table a player must remain there until he wishes to stop playing, or else go back to the bottom of the waiting list. Food and beverages at casinos are generally expensive even compared to other hospitality establishments in the same city, let alone compared to at home, and casino managers feel little incentive to provide any complimentary food or drink for poker players.

In the brick and mortar casinos, the only real way a player can increase his earnings is to increase his limit, likely encountering better opponents in the process. In the online world, players have another option: Unlike a traditional casino where it is physically impossible to play at more than one table at a time, most online poker rooms permit this.

Depending on the site and the player's ability to make speedy decisions, a player might play several tables at the same time, viewing them each in a separate window on the computer display. After dealer tips, the "winning" player would probably barely break even before any other incidental expenses.

The main restriction limiting the number of tables a player can play is the need to make consistently good decisions within the allotted time at every table, but some online players can effectively play up to eight or more tables at once.

This can not only increase winnings but can also help to keep a player's income reasonably stable, since instead of staking his entire bankroll on one higher limit table he is splitting his bankroll, wins and losses amongst many lower limit tables, probably also encountering somewhat less skilled opponents in the process.

Another important difference results from the fact that some online poker rooms offer online poker schools that teach the basics and significantly speed up the learning curve for novices.

Many online poker rooms also provide free money play so that players may practice these skills in various poker games and limits without the risk of losing real money, and generally offer the hand history of played hands for analysis and discussion using a poker hand converter. People who previously had no way to learn and improve because they had no one to play with now have the ability to learn the game much quicker and gain experience from free-money play.

The limits associated with online poker range down to far lower levels than the table limits at a traditional casino. Few if any online poker sites allow action to be taken "in the dark ", while this is usually allowed and applied by players in real gaming houses. It is also not uncommon for online poker sites to not allow a player the option of showing their hand before folding if they are the giving up the pot to the last remaining bettor.

This practice is also typically allowed in casinos. One issue exclusive to online poker is the fact that players come from around the world and deal in a variety of currencies. This is not an issue in live poker where everyone present can be expected to carry the local currency. Most online poker sites operate games exclusively in U. There are two methods by which poker sites can cater to players who do not deal with U. The first method is to hold players' funds in their native currencies and convert them only when players enter and leave games.

The main benefit of this method for players is to ensure that bankrolls are not subject to exchange rate fluctuations against their local currencies while they are not playing. Also, most sites that use this method usually apply the same exchange rate when a player cashes out of a game as when he bought in, ensuring that players do not expend significant sums simply by entering and leaving games.

The other method is to require players to convert their funds when depositing them. However, some sites that use this policy do accept payments in a variety of currencies and convert funds at a lower premium compared to what banks and credit card companies would charge.

Others only accept payment in U. One benefit of this method is that a player who constantly "tops up" his chip stack to a constant level some poker rooms have an optional feature that can perform this function automatically does not have to worry about rounding issues when topping up with a nominal sum — these could add up over time.

Players may also make use of ewallets , virtual wallets that will allow players to store their funds online in the currency of their choice. This allows them to deposit at poker sites without worrying about further currency conversion.

Many online poker sites, particularly those that serve the United States, began adopting cryptocurrencies in as a means of bypassing the UIGEA. The majority of these poker rooms accept deposits in Bitcoin and then convert them to U.

There also exist cryptocurrency-only operators who denominate their games in Bitcoin or fractions of a bitcoin, avoiding fiat currencies entirely. Various types of useful software applications are available for online play. Such tools include hand database programs that save, sort, and recall all hand histories played online. Scanning the active tables for known players and displaying previous statistics from hands with those players next to their name known as a Heads up display or HUD is a common feature of these programs and is allowed by most sites.

Other programs include hand re-players and odds, equity or variance calculators. Some software goes as far as to provide you with quizzes, or scan your previously played hands and flag likely mistakes. Many online poker sites offer incentives to players, especially new depositors, in the form of bonuses.

Usually, the bonuses are paid out incrementally as certain amounts are raked by the player. In addition, several online cardrooms have developed VIP programs to reward regular players. Poker rooms often offer additional bonuses for players who wish to top-up their accounts. These are known as reload bonuses. Many online rooms also offer rakeback and some offer poker propping. See the online casino article for more on general information on bonuses.

Online poker rooms typically operate through a separate piece of software. This may be cross-platform, for example using a Java applet or WebGL , allowing the program to run equally well on various computer systems such as Windows , Linux and macOS. However, many online poker rooms offer downloadable programs designed only for Microsoft Windows which require a compatibility layer such as Wine to run on Macintosh or Linux computers.

Some sites do make available clients that run natively on Mac or Linux. Some poker rooms have started offering poker on portable devices mobile phones , smart phones , PDAs.

The functionality of mobile online poker software is much the same as computer-based clients, albeit adapted to the interface of mobile devices. The player must be able to receive a WiFi or cell phone signal in order to play.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 18 September Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable.

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