Ranking of Poker Hands This page describes the ranking of poker hands. Cards thrown into another player's hand are dead, whether they are faceup or facedown. Four of a Kind: A straight from a ten to an ace with all five cards of the same suit. If a wager is supposed to be made in a rounded off amount, is not, and must be corrected, it shall be changed to the proper amount nearest in size.
Poker Hand Rankings from Highest to Lowest
Hands in a higher-ranking category always rank higher than hands in a lower-ranking category. Hands in the same category are ranked relative to each other by comparing the ranks of their respective cards. There are nine hand-ranking categories when using a standard card deck , except under ace-to-five low rules where straights, flushes and straight flushes are not recognized.
An additional category, five of a kind, is introduced when using one or more wild cards. The fewer hands a category contains, the higher its rank. It ranks above a straight flush but is only possible when using one or more wild cards, as there are only four cards of each rank in a standard card deck. Each five of a kind is ranked by the rank of its quintuplet.
Under high rules, an ace can rank either high e. There are 40 possible straight flush hands and 10 distinct ranks of straight flush under high rules when using a standard card deck.
It ranks below a straight flush and above a full house. There are possible four of a kind hands and distinct ranks of four of a kind when using a standard card deck.
There are 3, possible full house hands and distinct ranks of full house when using a standard card deck. There are 5, possible flush hands and 1, distinct ranks of flush under high rules when using a standard card deck.
It ranks below a flush and above three of a kind. There are 10, possible straight hands and 10 distinct ranks of straight under high rules when using a standard card deck. It ranks below a straight and above two pair. There are 54, possible three of a kind hands and distinct ranks of three of a kind when using a standard card deck. In community card games, such as Texas hold 'em, three of a kind is called a set only when it comprises a pocket pair and a third card on the board. There are , possible two pair hands and distinct ranks of two pair when using a standard card deck.
It ranks below two pair and above high card. There are 1,, possible one pair hands and 2, distinct ranks of one pair when using a standard card deck. There are 1,, possible high cards hands and 1, distinct ranks of high card hand under high rules when using a standard card deck. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Straight flush disambiguation. The Poker Player's Bible. Poker for Dummies, Mini Edition.
United States of America: The Theory of Poker. The Intelligent Guide to Texas Hold'em. Retrieved 12 July There are a couple of issues around the treatment of aces in this variant. It is likely that some players would disagree with both the above rulings, preferring to count A-K-Q-J as a straight and in some cases considering A-A to be the highest pair rather than the lowest.
It would be wise to check that you agree on these details before playing ace-to-six low poker with unfamiliar opponents. Note that in games where more than five cards are available, the player is free to select whichever cards make the lowest hand. For example a player in Seven Card Stud Hi-Lo 8 or Better whose cards are A can omit the 10 and one of the 6's to create a qualifying hand for low.
A wild card card that can be used to substitute for a card that the holder needs to make up a hand. In some variants one or more jokers are added to the pack to act as wild cards. In others, one or more cards of the card pack may be designated as wild - for example all the twos "deuces wild" or the jacks of hearts and spades "one-eyed jacks wild", since these are the only two jacks shown in profile in Anglo-American decks.
This approach is not entirely consistent, since five of a kind - five cards of equal rank - must necessarily include one duplicate card, since there are only four suits. The only practical effect of the rule against duplicates is to prevent the formation of a "double ace flush".
So for example in the hand A- 9- 8- 5-joker , the joker counts as a K , not a second ace, and this hand is therefore beaten by A- K- 4- 3 , the 10 beating the 9. When playing with wild cards, five of a kind becomes the highest type of hand, beating a royal flush. Between fives of a kind, the higher beats the lower, five aces being highest of all.
Some games, especially five card draw , are often played with a bug. This is a joker added to the pack which acts as a limited wild card. It can either be used as an ace, or to complete a straight or a flush. Thus the highest hand is five aces A- A- A- A-joker , but other fives of a kind are impossible - for example joker would count as four sixes with an ace kicker and a straight flush would beat this hand.
Also a hand like joker counts as two pairs with the joker representing an ace, not as a full house. In Low Poker, a wild card can be used to represent a card of a rank not already present in the player's hand. It is then sometimes known as a "fitter". For example joker would count as a pair of sixes in normal poker with the joker wild, but in ace-to-five low poker the joker could be used as an ace, and in deuce-to-seven low poker it could be used as a seven to complete a low hand.
Some home poker variants are played with the player's lowest card or lowest concealed card wild. In this case the rule applies to the lowest ranked card held at the time of the showdown, using the normal order ace high to two low. Aces cannot be counted as low to make them wild. Some people play with the house rule that a wild card can represent any card, including a duplicate of a card already held.
It then becomes possible to have a flush containing two or more aces. Flushes with more than one ace are not allowed unless specifically agreed as a house rule. Some play with the house rule that a natural hand beats an equal hand in which one or more of the cards are represented by wild cards. This can be extended to specify that a hand with more wild cards beats an otherwise equal hand with fewer wild cards. This must be agreed in advance: In some poker variants, such as No Peek , it is necessary to compare hands that have fewer than five cards.
With fewer than five cards, you cannot have a straight, flush or full house. You can make a four of a kind or two pairs with only four cards, triplets with three cards, a pair with two cards and a "high card" hand with just one card. The process of comparing first the combination and then the kickers in descending order is the same as when comparing five-card hands.
In hands with unequal numbers of cards any kicker that is present in the hand beats a missing kicker. So for example K beats because the king beats the 6, but beats because a 2 is better than a missing fourth card. Similarly a 10 by itself beats , which beats , which beats , which beats a 9 by itself. In standard poker there is no ranking of suits for the purpose of comparing hands. If two hands are identical apart from the suits of the cards then they count as equal.
In standard poker, if there are two highest equal hands in a showdown, the pot is split between them. Standard poker rules do, however, specify a hierarchy of suits: I have, however, heard from several home poker players who play by house rules that use this same ranking of suits to break ties between otherwise equal hands.
For some reason, players most often think of this as a way to break ties between royal flushes, which would be most relevant in a game with many wild cards, where such hands might become commonplace. However, if you want to introduce a suit ranking it is important also to agree how it will apply to other, lower types of hand. If one player A has 8- 8- J- 9- 3 and player B has 8- 8- J- 9- 3 , who will win?
Does player A win by having the highest card within the pair of eights, or does player B win because her highest single card, the jack, is in a higher suit? What about K- Q- 7- 6- 2 against K- Q- 7- 6- 2? So far as I know there is no universally accepted answer to these questions: Three different rules that I have come across, when hands are equal apart from suit are:.
Although the order spades, hearts, diamonds, clubs may seem natural to Bridge players and English speakers, other suit orders are common, especially in some European countries. Up to now, I have come across:.
As with all house rules, it would be wise to make sure you have a common understanding before starting to play, especially when the group contains people with whom you have not played before. In some places, especially in continental Europe, poker is sometimes played with a deck of less than 52 cards, the low cards being omitted. Italian Poker is an example.
As the pack is reduced, a Flush becomes more difficult to make, and for this reason a Flush is sometimes ranked above a Full House in such games. In a stripped deck game, the ace is considered to be adjacent to the lowest card present in the deck, so for example when using a card deck with 6's low, A is a low straight.
Playing poker with fewer than 52 cards is not a new idea. In the first half of the 19th century, the earliest form of poker was played with just 20 cards - the ace, king, queen, jack and ten of each suit - with five cards dealt to each of four players.
The only hand types recognised were, in descending order, four of a kind, full house, three of a kind, two pairs, one pair, no pair. Even if you introduce suit ranking, the Royal Flush in the highest suit is unbeatable. In some regions, it is considered unsatisfactory to have any hand that is guaranteed to be unbeaten - there should always be a risk.
There are several solutions to this. In Italy this is achieved by the rule " La minima batte la massima, la massima batte la media e la media batte la minima " "the minimum beats the maximum, the maximum beats the medium and the medium beats the minimum". A minimum straight flush is the lowest that can be made with the deck in use.
Normally they play with a stripped deck so for example with 40 cards the minimum straight flush would be A of a suit. A maximum straight flush is J-Q-K-A of a suit. All other straight flushes are medium. If two players have medium straight flushes then the one with higher ranked cards wins as usual. Also as usual a maximum straight flush beats a medium one, and a medium straight flush beats a minimum one.
But if a minimum straight flush comes up against a maximum straight flush, the minimum beats the maximum. In the very rare case where three players hold a straight flush, one minimum, one medium and one maximum, the pot is split between them.
See for example Italian Poker. In Greece, where hearts is the highest suit, A- K- Q- J- 10 is called an Imperial Flush, and it is beaten only by four of a kind of the lowest rank in the deck - for example if playing with 36 cards.
Again, in very rare cases there could also be a hand in the showdown that beats the four of a kind but is lower than the Imperial Flush, in which case the pot would be split. The ranking order of poker hands corresponds to their probability of occurring in straight poker, where five cards are dealt from a card deck, with no wild cards and no opportunity to use extra cards to improve a hand.
The rarer a hand the higher it ranks. This is neither an essential nor an original feature of poker, and it ceases to be true when wild cards are introduced. In fact, with a large number of wild cards, it is almost inevitable that the higher hand types will be the commoner, not rarer, since wild cards will be used to help make the most valuable type of hand from the available cards.
Mark Brader has provided probability tables showing the frequency of each poker hand type when five cards are dealt from a card deck, and also showing how these probabilities would change if multiple decks were used. Navigation Pagat Home A - Z. Choose your language deutsch english italiano.