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HOW to use the S. The truncheon acted as the policeman's ' Warrant Card ' as the Royal Crest attached to it indicated the policeman's authority. In the Victorian era , police in London carried truncheons about one-foot long called billy clubs. Characteristic of a flashlight used as a baton or club is the grip employed. It is NOT to get your cards to total as close to 21 as possible! We will immediately notify you on the status of your refund after inspeding the item.

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These include inherent compromises in the dual and competing goals of control effectiveness and safety for both officer and subject. A straight, fixed-length baton also commonly referred to as a "straightstick" is the oldest and simplest police baton design, known as far back as ancient Egypt.

They are often made of hardwood, but in modern times are available in other materials such as aluminium, acrylic, and dense plastics and rubber. Straightsticks tend to be heavier and have more weight concentrated in the striking end than other designs.

This makes them less maneuverable, but theoretically would deliver more kinetic energy on impact. Most agencies have replaced the straightstick with other batons because of inconvenience to carry, and a desire for their officers to look less threatening to the community they serve.

Despite having been replaced by side-handle and expandable batons in many if not most law enforcement agencies, straightsticks remain in use by many major departments in the US, such as the Baltimore , Denver , Sacramento , Long Beach , Santa Ana , Philadelphia , San Francisco , and Riverside Police Departments.

Side-handle batons sometimes referred to as T-batons or nightsticks are batons with a short side handle at a right angle to the shaft, about six inches from one end. The best-known example is the Monadnock PR; "PR" has become a genericized trademark within the law enforcement and security communities for this type of product. Side-handle batons are made in both fixed and collapsible models and may be constructed from a range of materials including wood, poly-carbonate, epoxy, aluminium, or a combination of materials.

Some side-handle batons are one-piece design; the side-handle component and primary shaft are permanently fused together during manufacturing. One-piece designs are potentially stronger than two-piece designs, and have no risk of having a locking screw loosen from its threads. Other side-handle batons are two-piece in design common among cheaper makes ; the side-handle component is screwed into the primary shaft.

The side handle may be removed from the shaft by the end-user, converting the side-handle into a straight baton. Side-handle batons have been involved in high-profile incidents of alleged police brutality , such as in New Zealand's Springbok Tour [5] [6] and the Rodney King beating.

An expandable baton also referred to variously as a collapsible baton , telescopic [or telescoping ] baton , tactical baton , spring cosh , ASP , Extendable , or extendo [slang] is typically composed of a cylindrical outer shaft containing telescoping inner shafts typically 2 or 3, depending on the design that lock into each other when expanded.

The shafts are usually made of steel, but lightweight baton models may have their shafts made from other materials such as aluminium alloy. Expandable batons may have a solid tip at the outer end of the innermost shaft; the purpose of the solid tip is to maximize the power of a strike when the baton is used as an impact weapon. Expandable batons are made in both straight and side-handle configurations, but are considerably more common in the straight configuration. The best-known example of the straight expandable baton is the ASP Baton, from Armament Systems and Procedures ; so much so that it has become a genericized trademark within the law enforcement and security communities for this type of product.

Depending on the holster or scabbard design, it may be possible to carry an expandable baton in either collapsed or expanded position, which would be helpful if an officer needed to holster an expanded baton and it was not possible or convenient to collapse it at the time. An expandable baton is opened by being swung in a forceful manner while collapsed, using inertia to extend and lock the segments by friction.

Some mechanical-lock versions can also be opened by simply pulling the segments apart. Depending on the design, expandable batons may be collapsed either by being brought down inverted on a hard surface, or by depressing a button lock and manually collapsing the shafts.

Additionally, the baton, in collapsed configuration, may be used as a control device against non-compliant subjects in conjunction with pain-compliance control techniques, such as to remove a driver refusing to exit his or her vehicle. It can be used as a large kubotan. The expandable baton is provided to most officers in the British police forces. The idea being that should violence suddenly escalate the baton can be easily deployed but can be stowed neatly away so as not to affect movement due to its mounting point on the officer's clothing.

It is also commonly used in the UK and many other countries as a means of gaining entry quickly to a vehicle that contains offenders. In such a situation the baton is deployed and, due to the solid end of the device, is used to strike the side windows or windscreen of the vehicle to either gain entry or to stop the driver seeing where they are going in circumstances where the officer has hit the screen while the vehicle is still in motion.

The terms blackjack , cosh , and sap refer to any of several short, easily concealed club weapons consisting of a dense often lead weight attached to the end of a short shaft, used as a bludgeon. When directed at the head, it works by concussing the brain without cutting the scalp.

This is meant to stun or knock out the subject, although head strikes have a high risk of causing a permanent, disabling brain injury or being fatal. The terminology used to refer to these weapons varies and can be imprecise, and depends on the source and time period. In some contexts, these terms are used loosely to refer to any small, dense bludgeon, including those that are improvised. A late 19th-century type is a wooden shaft about one foot long, with a leather- or macrame-covered lead ball as the head.

This weapon is referred to by some sources as a "sap" derived from " sapling " due to its wood handle , or euphemistically as a "life-preserver. Another weapon is a lead weight knotted or woven into the end of a short piece of rope that serves as a handle.

While most sources refer to this as a slungshot , some early 20th-century maritime sources will label this a "blackjack. In the 20th Century, newer designs emerged that are shorter and predominately made of stitched or braided leather, with a flexible spring inside the handle.

The slight flexibility and resilience of the handle gives these small clubs a whip-like action. Law enforcement sources from the midth century prefer to divide these into two categories: The sap's flat profile makes it easier to carry in a pocket and spreads its impact out over a broader area, making it less likely to break bone. However, it can also be used to strike with the edge for more focused impact, though this was discouraged by most police departments for precisely this reason.

Some variants use powdered metal or even sand for the weight inside the head, usually called a "soft sap," which reduces the likelihood of bone fractures. Blackjacks and saps were popular among law enforcement for a time due to their low profile, small size, and usability at very close range , such as when grappling with a suspect.

The flat sap, in particular, could be used to strike large muscle groups with the edge. In the early days of use, they were favored for their ability stun or knock a suspect unconscious with a blow to the head.

By the late s head-strikes with impact weapons in general were strongly discouraged by most police departments and trainers because of the risk of death or permanent injury, as well as its questionable effectiveness. Stun batons are an unusual modern variation designed to administer an electric shock in order to incapacitate the target.

They consist of an insulated handle and guard, and a rigid shaft usually a foot or more in length for delivering a shock. Many designs function like an elongated stun gun or a cattle prod, requiring the tip to be held against the target and then manually triggering a shock by a switch in the handle.

Some more sophisticated designs carry a charge along the shaft's entire surface, administering a shock on contact. This later design is especially useful in preventing the officer from having his weapon grabbed and taken away by an assailant. Most batons of this design were not intended to be used as impact weapons and will break if used in this way, though a few were built to withstand occasional lighter impacts.

They are rarely issued to patrol officers in modern times due to their price and the other associated problems with electroshock weapons. It was used in a similar manner to modern police batons and it continued to be issued in Japan to some police departments until the early 20th century. The jitte eventually inspired an early form of expandable baton called a tokushu keibo in the s.

A homemade blackjack can be made using several techniques. Putting a bar of soap, rocks or some wet sand in a sock, then tying off the end makes a blackjack out of common items.

Some non-purpose-built items have been used by law enforcement over the centuries as impact weapons. Although the Kel-Lite in the s appears to have been the third flashlight designed specifically to be useful as an emergency defensive weapon, [14] the best-known example is the large, metal D-cell Maglite , still in use by some law enforcement and security personnel. Use of such flashlights as a club or baton is generally officially discouraged by the manufacturers and law enforcement officials, but its use is an option.

As with all police weapons , there have been many allegations of misuse, such as in the Malice Green beating in Detroit. The use of flashlights as improvised impact weapons is subject to the same use of force regulations as the use of purpose-designed impact weapons like batons.

Police officers may often choose to use such flashlights because they are viewed primarily as illumination devices; thus, if a police officer carries one in his hands during nighttime encounters with potentially violent subjects, it would be less likely to escalate the situation by making the subject feel threatened than if the officer were to be equipped with a baton or pepper spray canister instead. This permits the officer to appear less threatening while having an impact weapon in hand and ready for instantaneous action, should the situation indeed turn violent.

Characteristic of a flashlight used as a baton or club is the grip employed. Flashlights are commonly held with the bulb end pointing from the thumb side of the hand, such that it is pointing outward from the body when held palm upward.

When wielded as a club, the bulb end points inward when the hand is palm upward, and the grip is closely choked to the bulb end. Another advantage to using a flashlight as a club is that in poorly lit situations it can be used to initially dazzle the eyes of an opponent.

Law enforcement officers often deliberately shine flashlight beams into the eyes of suspects at night to cause temporary night-blindness as a preemptive defensive measure, whether or not the individual is likely to behave violently. Batons are legal for sworn law enforcement and military in most countries around the world. However, the legality of civilian carry for purpose-built batons varies greatly by country, and by local jurisdictions. They may also carry electric shock batons if they have a Less-Lethal Certification course.

There is a general belief in Brazil that rubber batons are less prone to break bones than the wooden ones. There is no law that prohibits batons; except for spring-loaded batons, which are defined as a prohibited weapon under a regulation entitled "Regulations Prescribing Certain Firearms and other Weapons, Components and Parts of Weapons, Accessories, Cartridge Magazines, Ammunition and Projectiles as Prohibited or Restricted" also capable of being referred to by its registration number: However, it is a crime under section 90 of the Criminal Code to carry any weapon, including a baton, in a concealed fashion.

According to Cap Weapons Ordinance , Laws of Hong Kong, any person who has possession of any prohibited items commits an offence, which includes expandable batons. In the Republic of Ireland , telescopic truncheons are classified as illegal offensive weapons. All types of batons can be owned but not carried in public spaces by private citizens according to law Now, we offer a wide selection of products across a variety of services from security and CCTV to automation and fire systems.

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